I also take comfort in the thought that this blog is held together by a series of rules and guidelines I’ve imposed on myself that includes my working definition of what a broken chain is:
“A business which, at some point in its history, had multiple, similarly-functioning, physical locations where a customer could purchase goods and/or services which presently has a significantly diminished presence and/or value as a brand compared to the same brand in its heyday.”
When I wrote that definition, I was about to explore Ponderosa, larger than any chain I had previously covered with around 60 locations. Since then, I’ve written posts about diminished chains like Blimpie and Shoney’s that still boast three figure location counts. I’ve also written about chains like Burger Chef and Red Barn that officially have zero remaining locations, but still have unofficial locations open, operating under different names by holdout franchisees.
I consider these defunct on paper but not in practice chains the lower limit of what could be considered a broken chain. The upper limit is trickier to define. I don’t think I’ve covered a chain yet that approaches it. Every restaurant and retail chain goes through ups and downs coinciding with economic and demographic shifts, but at what point does a chain’s presence and brand value decline to the point that it begins to meet my definition of a broken chain? I submit that henceforth the upper limit of what could be considered a broken chain be named the Cici’s Point.
Joe Croce and Mike Cole opened their first pizza joint in Plano, Texas in 1985, using the name Cici’s because both their names started with the letter C. (Contrary to popular belief, they never left the pizza business to open a music factory.) Their takeout pizza business eventually evolved into a buffet restaurant after they began offering a lunch buffet to generate midday foot traffic. The buffet proved more popular than takeout, and franchised Cici’s locations with all day buffets and takeout service began popping up. The chain grew steadily through the ‘90s with Croce as CEO. By the time Joe Croce retired in 2003 and sold his stake in the business to the management team, there were 420 (Nice!) locations in operation.
It was around this time that I discovered Cici’s. I was in high school in Central Kentucky, and was perpetually in search of places where I could stuff my teenage face for very little money. I was working at McDonald’s after school and on weekends, and handed significant portions of my paycheck back to the company on my days off by buying dollar menu double cheeseburgers and McChickens. Likewise, I could often be found at Taco Tico on Sunday afternoons when they sold 49 cent tacos and burritos. When Lexington’s first Cici’s opened at the then-struggling, and now defunct Turfland Mall, it became one of my favorite hangouts.
Access to the buffet cost an astoundingly cheap $3.99, which grew only slightly to five bucks and change once you added a drink and sales tax. For that price, you got unlimited salad, dessert, pasta, and pizza. The pizza crust had an unmistakably cardboardy quality, but you could eat as much as you wanted, and even bad pizza is still pretty good food. I used to devour heaping plates of the flimsy slices. The low price made Cici’s popular with everyone. There’d usually be a pretty diverse crowd eating there, at least more diverse than you’d expect for a pizza buffet with an arcade in the back.
Several more Cici’s locations opened around Lexington, mostly in similarly diminished, and presumably cheap to rent retail spaces, but not long after the 2008 recession, they all closed abruptly. In 2010 Cici’s had 650 locations, and plans were announced to open another 500 by 2020. With less than a year left for them to accomplish this goal, Cici’s Pizza has instead shrunk back down to 423 locations spread across 30 states. However, more than half of those locations are in just two states, Texas and Florida, while ten states are home to three or fewer Cici’s locations. In the past nine years, Cici’s has gone from being the fastest growing pizza chain in the US with a near-national footprint to a regional chain with a few vestigial outposts scattered around the country, ruins of their fleeting empire. Maybe the recession was a factor limiting their growth. Maybe they failed to anticipate the spike in popularity of home food delivery and the decline in the popularity of buffets, or maybe the rate of growth they experienced in the late ‘90s and early ‘00s was simply unsustainable.
Aside from a single meal I had at an Ohio Cici’s a few months before writing my first Broken Chains post, I hadn’t been to Cici’s Pizza in over a decade. While I’m sure there are shining examples of locations that exhibit Cici’s current approach to operation, image, and branding in their core markets, I was more interested in checking out, and geographically closer to, the vestigial locations, long ago isolated by the brand’s retreat. That’s how I ended up at the Goshen, Indiana Cici’s.
I arrived a few minutes after the restaurant’s 11 AM opening time on a Saturday, and parked out front. The building housing the Cici’s is a two-slot strip mall, and the other slot is occupied by a liquor store. The front facade of the building was visibly dirty, in need of a good pressure washing, and as I was walking from my van to the front door, a large group of other patrons, that seemed to consist mainly of unruly children and an indifferent adult or two, materialized in front of me.
|This was the nicest booth in the place.|
|I hope the sneeze guard will keep the falling bits of plaster out of my salad.|
|I guarantee these graphics have been up there for at least 15 years.|
As I waited for the group in front of me to conduct their transaction and cacophonously disperse, I examined my surroundings. The dining room had several rows of booths, literally all of which had torn cushions. (I checked!) The L-shaped buffet was nicely stocked, but exposed plaster and a gaping hole were present on the ceiling over the salad bar, as if some fixture had been hastily removed or simply fallen off. Most of the logos and signage on display were just as they were when I first discovered Cici’s at Turfland Mall more than 15 years ago. The newer exploding pizza logos from their website were nowhere to be found. I did not intentionally seek out a dilapidated Cici's location. This is the one that happened to be closest to the route I was planning, but if one Cici's, picked at random is in noticeably rough shape, then there are sure to be others in this condition or worse.
|I didn't try the wings. I may have to next time.|
When it was my turn to order, I asked for a buffet and drink, and ended up paying over $8. Factoring for inflation, this isn’t a terrible price for a lunch buffet. Unlimited lunchtime pizza is over $10 at my local sit-down Pizza Hut, and there's not nearly as much variety as there is here. At some point since my teenage years, Cici’s had ditched reusable cups and implemented disposable paper ones, presumably to keep costs down. I was a little sad to see visual evidence of them cutting costs, but happy to have a souvenir. The cup was the only time I saw the exploding pizza logo on this visit.
|The elusive exploding pizza logo adorned my cup.|
|Small, but reasonably comprehensive salad bar|
My strategy at buffets is to start with a salad, mainly to fool myself into thinking I’m eating healthily before loading up my next plate with a pile of carbs. Cici’s current salad bar is on the small side, but seemed generally clean and well-organized. The dressings were in novel containers that reminded me of IHOP syrup dispensers and fit into interlocking slots. Weirdly, there was no grated cheese on the salad bar, but there was a decent selection of vegetables. I loaded my plate with an unintentionally vegan first course and topped it with an acidic Italian dressing. It was perfectly acceptable, but lagged far behind the salads I’ve been able to craft at Rax or Bonanza Steak and BBQ.
Having mostly finished my salad, I was ready for pizza. I stacked several slices on my second plate and returned to my table. The deep pan crust slices tasted about the same as they always had, but the thin crust offerings were more airy and chewy than previous experiences with Cici's had trained me to expect. The Cici’s cardboard crust pizza that I had come to know and tolerate was gone and replaced with a more premium tasting product. The toppings and sauce were basically as I remembered them, including the delightful barbecue chicken pizza, but vastly improved by a crust made of honest to goodness flour instead of what I could only assume was sawdust back in the old days.
|I can't think of a brownie I've ever enjoyed more than a Cici's brownie.|
Pleasantly surprised, I worked my way through my second plate, and returned to the buffet for the dessert course. I picked up the brownies and cinnamon rolls with which I would always conclude my adolescent Cici’s meals. I also picked up a slice of the macaroni and cheese pizza, because a wedge of carbohydrates topped with more carbohydrates is decadent to the point that I consider it a dessert, regardless of its sugar content. The soft buttery cinnamon rolls were as they were in my memories, as were the perfectly undercooked brownies. Something was lost in translation with the macaroni and cheese pizza slice though. The fluffier crust overpowered the subtle flavors and textures of the toppings. Macaroni and cheese seems to be the one pizza at Cici’s that works better on the old crust.
In 2016, following Cici’s failure to meet their projected growth goals, and in the midst of an ever-falling location count, the languishing Cici’s brand was acquired by The Arlon Group, an investment group with a subsidiary that owns several Taco Bell, KFC, and Golden Corral franchises. The new parent company’s familiarity with the restaurant industry seems to be benefiting the Cici’s brand. The food’s previous shortcomings have been addressed while the classic Cici’s flavors have, for the most part, been nicely maintained, all without a major inflation of the price.
While Arlon is doing their part to keep Cici’s running, the indifference of owner of the franchised location I visited was palpable. While the food was great, and the place was reasonably clean, it had clearly fallen into disrepair. As a result, it didn’t seem terribly popular with the locals. Aside from myself and the large group in front of me, maybe two to three other tables were occupied at lunchtime on a Saturday. It seemed as though the owner was caught in a feedback loop of reduced popularity and profits leading to deferral of maintenance and repairs leading to further reductions in popularity leading to further neglect.
Still, the Arlon Group seems willing and able to revitalize the Cici’s brand. By my own definition it's barely a broken chain. With the right strategy, it's a chain that can be mended and revitalized, and that may one day thrive again. Arlon would do well to cut some of the weak links loose from the chain, and recruit and vet some new franchisees to help grow the brand into new markets. My own personal market of Metro Detroit is a vacuum when it comes to all-day pizza buffets, and I'd love to have a Cici's in my neighborhood.
If you're a fan of Broken Chains, be sure to like our Facebook page to receive updates about new posts and occasional bonus pictures from my travels.
As I mentioned over at Discord, my first reaction was to be taken aback at the implication that Cici's is a broken chain, since I was unaware it had deteriorated... but of course, you knew that's the reaction most people were going to have, and address that immediately at the beginning of the post - smart! It's pretty interesting (and disappointing, for that matter) to hear that the brand has shrunk that much in recent years; after hearing of the new logo back when it debuted, I assumed the chain was doing perfectly well. There's a Cici's near me that I haven't been to recently enough for my liking - I've always enjoyed their buffet, particularly the alfredo pizza. There's also a dessert that I remember having when I was younger, which my local location replaced several years back (heck, probably a decade at this point), to my dismay. The paper cups are new to me as well - I'll have to check whether my Cici's is still using the plastic cups or not. I definitely think a visit is in order soon!ReplyDelete
Oh, and I almost forgot - happy one year blogiversary!Delete
It would be interesting to see if the paper cups have been implemented chain wide. They were at the last two Cici's I visited, this one and another in the Cincinnati area. I wonder if any still have the old red ribbed plastic cups in the core markets.
What's the name of your Discord server?Delete
I don't own or moderate the server, but it's called The Retail Union.Delete
I had to Google to make sure we even had a Cici's left in Indianapolis because they have such a bad rep. I mean, various locations getting shut down due to health code violations bad. I'd tell you if the one location we have left is any good but frankly I'm afraid to.ReplyDelete
That seems to have been the case with the last Cici's location in Michigan as well before it shut down earlier this year. The Yelp reviews were bad enough to scare me away, and I wasn't terribly surprised when they closed. The location in Goshen I ended up visiting had its issues, but it was at least clean and well-run.Delete
In central IL it seemed like Cici's came and went quickly. They had a few locations around here by the mid 2000s (Danville, Springfield, Decatur). All were gone by 2008-2010. Cici's definitely occupied that strange space where it really wasn't great food at all, but for $4 and as much as you wanted, it became passable. Always struck me as really geared toward kids. The one in Danville had a few arcade games and a claw crane in the back, and my buddy's kids always liked to burn through some quarters back there after eating. I can see why a Cici's franchise was tough to make work - with an average ticket of around $5 a head, you would have to run herds of people through the place to make a profit. Slightly bumping both quality and price is probably not a bad approach.ReplyDelete
Our Cici's in Lexington closed around the same time. It was definitely marketed toward families with children, but less so than places like Chuck-E-Cheese. The low price seemed to make it popular with just about everyone though, but you're right. I'm sure the profit margins were razor thin, even with the obviously cheaply prepared food.Delete
Happy One Year! I've enjoyed taking this journey with you and have always thought your writing was top notch.ReplyDelete
Thank you so much! The journey isn't over yet. I've got lots of trips and posts planned for the coming months.Delete
All the CiCi's near us in Ohio closed suddenly a few years ago, kind of wondered what had happened. Thanks for the story.ReplyDelete
We now frequent a local Mexican joint that took over an old CiCi's, I wonder if many people recognize what it used to be.
That you still have a Pizza Hut with table service surprised me. I don't think our area of south central Ohio still has any sit-down Pizza Huts (and I don't consider the one with a few tables but where you still have to order at the counter as sit-down Pizza Hut). I wonder if the sit-down Pizza Hut would partially qualify as a broken chain?
Sit down Pizza Huts, especially ones with buffets are becoming increasingly rare in many markets. The one I frequent is the only one I know of in the area that still offers a lunch buffet.Delete
While Pizza Hut itself is far from being a broken chain, you have a point that the rarity of an old style table service location could qualify it as being at least broken chain adjacent.
Only Ohio Cici's I know of that are still open are in Brooklyn and in North Canton.Delete
Don't frequent our CiCi's that much anymore, but back when we used to go I noticed most of the tables had small dings in the surface top. And this wasn't too long after being open. I finally theorized that the clean up crew were putting the chairs up (not too gently) on the tables before mopping the floor.ReplyDelete
Sounds like a reasonable hypothesis to me. I doubt that many Cici's owners spend much on fixing such things. I get the impression that the businesses aren't terribly profitable under even the best circumstances.Delete
I remember being deeply underwhelmed by a Cici's Pizza I was taken to in fourth or fifth grade, as a reward for meeting reading goals. This was in Springfield, Mo; I think the teacher just loaded us into her van and we went during a school day. I do remember the plastic reusable cups, oddly.ReplyDelete
While Googling to determine whether that location is still operational, I discovered that it was shuttered just last year after a pretty wild series of events: https://www.news-leader.com/story/news/local/ozarks/2018/06/12/cicis-pizza-springfield-closed-lawsuit-missing-money/661027002/. First, corporate pulled the franchise agreement. Then the building's landlords sued the business over unpaid rent... and THEN the owner accused the managers of embezzling some $10K a month...
In November, a new owner announced the location would be reopened this year with a major remodel, and it looks like they're currently hiring for a March opening date.
I remember enjoying the CiCi's in Tallahassee but I quit going after the quality of the food dropped. It closed up about a year later, circa 2008. I remember a competitor (Stevi's?) that was better but I haven't been to that part of town in years and suspect it's closed as well.ReplyDelete
You mean Stevi B's? I hadn't heard of them before, but they seem to still exist, mainly in Georgia and Alabama, but they also have one location each in Florida (Ocala), Virginia, and Ohio, implying they were once a larger chain than they are now. I'll have to read up on them and maybe check them out sometime.Delete